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Saman dance from Aceh

Saman dance is the result of reason and work creation Gayo society particularly from Lokop Serbejadi (East Aceh) and Gayo Lues simulated movements of the white elephant when herded by the Pang (Linge kingdom guards) of Gayo towards Aceh. Gayo people who live along the river Kala Jemer (East Aceh) already has a high civilization and culture at that time.

Saman already exist and live in the community long before Islam came Gayo (pre-Islamic period) and not invented in the 18th century by a scholar named Shaykh Saman used as a medium for the spread of Islam in Gayo Lues (Leuser region). This is similar to the system of customary law existing Sarakopat before Islam came into Gayo.

Before Islam came into Gayo customary law system is Saraktulu (Three Laws), which also comprises the elements; Reje, Petue and Rayat. When Islam came it turned into Sarakopat Saraktulu with increased Imem element (Priest / Cleric) into customary law system Gayo. The addition of elements Imem become elements of customary law in a receipt Gayo Gayo people voluntarily against the teachings of Islam.
saman dance
Saman Dance
According to Islamic history records first entered into Gayo Lues compared to PASE. Introduction of Islam to the region, especially Lokop Serbejadi Gayo Gayo Lues and not in the 18th century along with the entry of the Order Sammaniyah (Posts Thayeb Loh Angen; Saman and Seudati, Two Twins Dance of PASE; 2010). Rather, in the 11th century long before the 18th century while the new Islamic entered Pase in the 13th century.

Islam has become a part of people's lives, especially in Lokop Serbejadi Gayo and Gayo Lues. This is evidenced by the construction of the Mosque Nampaan in the district. Blangkejeren in 1214. Nampaan Mosque is the oldest mosque in Aceh fact of historical evidence that it Gayo people who spread Islam to the area where one of the PASE native son Gayo real name Red Silu which is also a subsidiary Majesty King Linge Adi Genali became the country's first Islamic king Pase with the title of Sultan Malik al-Salih (Malikussaleh). This is further evidenced by the presence of several large kingdom in Gayo region that has long embraced Islam even symbols stamp these kingdoms nuances of Islam long before the 18th century, long before the congregation Sammaniyah came to Aceh.

As for some of the great empire in Gayo who had converted to Islam long before the 18th century, is; Abuk kingdom in Lokop Serbejadi (East Aceh), the Kingdom Linge, the Kingdom Patiamang in Blangkejeren (Gayo Lues), Kingdom of Shia i Nosar, Cik Empire and the Kingdom of the Mount. With the historical evidence is that Islam has entered into Gayo especially Lokop Serbejadi and Gayo Lues long before the 18th century it was virtually impossible if the Gayo especially in Gayo Lues embraced Islam along with the arrival of "Sych Saman" along with the congregation Sammaniyanya with a mission deployment Islam.

Saman dance is not derived from the name of a cleric named Shaykh Saman Pase, but the word is derived from the word Saman Gayo language, namely; "Peraman", which means the speech / title / nickname. Peraman dance was originally danced as an expression of gratitude to God for the birth of a child in a family Gayo. Gratitude to God that later manifested by youths Gayo into shape dance movements that imitated the movements of a white elephant running from Gayo to Aceh, these movements in which there are blessings to Rasulullah SAW, said word of advice, advice-advice, and praise to Allah for His mercy and grace that has provided additional family members.

Along with the development of dance Peraman changed its name to Saman, which is also often referred to as the dance Sahan Peraman e (Who panggilannnya name) show the child and the child's parents.

Islam entered the archipelago, especially Gayo in the 11th century brought by a Saudi cleric named Said Shaykh Ibrahim (Rakyat Aceh; case 1; 2010). The cleric went into Gayo Lues of Wih Ben (the area now called Bayen). In the area wih Ben was there an Islamic boarding school / boarding school named Zawiyah Cot Kala. Dayah is a first dayah standing in Aceh that produce a lot of Islamic preachers who later became the disseminator of Islam in Aceh.

Then the cleric Shaykh Ibrahim Said he headed Perlak, after which he headed Serbejadi Lokop and finally he came to a village of precisely in Gayo Lues Penampaan, Kec. Blangkejeren, Gayo Lues. Then the cleric build a mosque as a symbol that Islam has become a part of people's lives in the village Penampaan Gayo Lues, Kec.Blangkejeren, Gayo Lues. The mosque was built with the help of a handyman named Said Sych Mount Gerdung (Rakyat Aceh; case 1; 2010).

The mosque to this day is still standing strong and can be seen in its original form, so it is a real mistake delivered by Thayeb Loh Angen in writing and Seudati Saman Dance; Two Dances Twins of Pase, which says that Islam entered into Gayo Lues as propagated by a scholar named Pase Aceh origin Sych Saman carrying movements Sammaniyah congregation that later turned into Saman dance, while Islam itself has entered into Pase century 13, meaning that the Islamic advance into the Gayo Lues then developed and spread to regions Pase.

So how could a Pase ulemas origin named Shaykh Saman was spread Islam to the people Gayo Lues who already embrace Islam as compared to the area of origin of the clergy themselves are Pase ?.

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